ISO 27001 is an information security standard that was published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in October 2013. The standard provides requirements for an information security management system (ISMS).
SOC 2 is an auditing procedure that reports on how a service organization has designed and implemented controls to protect the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of user data.
What is ISO 27001?
ISO 27001 is an international standard for Information Security Management Systems (ISMS), providing a framework of security controls that organizations can use to assess their information security risk and manage it accordingly.
Developed by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and released in 2005, ISO 27001 has become the most widely adopted international standard for information security management systems, providing guidance and recommendations for organizations to implement a pro-active approach to managing their information security risks and demonstrating that they are taking the security of their customers’ data seriously.
ISMS helps organizations to protect the confidentiality, availability, and integrity of their data and systems. The standard is a comprehensive set of policies, processes, and procedures for implementing information security best practices, ensuring an organization is in compliance with all applicable regulations, standards, and laws.
ISMS also provides a tangible means of measuring your security and risk management practices and demonstrating that you are taking information security seriously.
By implementing and maintaining ISO 27001 certification, organizations can demonstrate that they’ve taken action to protect their data and their assets, and that their security practices are up to date and compliant with international standards.
What is SOC 2?
Service Organization Controls 2 (SOC 2) is a widely accepted auditing framework that details the controls over an organization's non-financial reporting. It also evaluates the organization’s internal controls regarding the trustworthiness, security, privacy, and availability of systems used to process users' data.
SOC 2 is part of a larger set of auditing standards known as the Service Organization Controls (SOC) framework, which was designed to address the needs of organizations in various industries. Within the SOC framework, SOC 2 is focused specifically on IT, cloud, and data security and privacy.
Organizations that obtain SOC 2 certification must have their security and privacy controls reviewed and verified by an accredited, independent third-party auditor.
The focus of SOC 2 is on security, availability, privacy, and confidentiality of systems that process or store customer data. These systems and controls need to be audited to ensure that customer data is secure. The audit allows the organization to demonstrate to customers and potential customers that their system is secure and compliant.
Differences Between ISO 27001 and SOC 2
ISO 27001 and SOC 2 are two widely recognized standards for information security and data privacy. While they have some similarities, there are also key differences between them. Here are the main differences between ISO 27001 and SOC 2:
ISO 27001: ISO 27001 is an international standard that focuses on establishing, implementing, maintaining, and continuously improving an information security management system (ISMS). It provides a framework for organizations to manage their information security risks and protect their assets.
SOC 2: SOC 2 (Service Organization Control 2) is an auditing standard developed by the American Institute of CPAs (AICPA). It specifically targets service organizations that handle sensitive customer data. SOC 2 evaluates the design and effectiveness of a service organization's controls related to security, availability, processing integrity, confidentiality, and privacy.
ISO 27001: ISO 27001 provides a certification process where organizations can undergo an audit by a certification body to demonstrate their compliance with the standard. Once certified, organizations can claim ISO 27001 compliance.
SOC 2: SOC 2 is not a certification itself but an attestation report issued by an independent auditor. The report assesses the service organization's controls and provides assurance to customers and stakeholders about the organization's compliance with the defined criteria.
ISO 27001: ISO 27001 provides a framework that organizations can adapt to their specific needs. It outlines a set of requirements and controls for establishing an ISMS, covering areas such as risk assessment, security policies, asset management, access controls, and incident response.
SOC 2: SOC 2 is based on the AICPA's Trust Services Criteria (TSC). The TSC consists of five trust principles: security, availability, processing integrity, confidentiality, and privacy. Organizations undergoing a SOC 2 audit must demonstrate how they meet these principles.
ISO 27001: ISO 27001 is applicable to any organization, regardless of its size, industry, or sector. It is a generic standard that focuses on information security management systems and can be implemented by organizations of all types.
SOC 2: SOC 2 is primarily relevant to service organizations that provide services such as hosting, cloud computing, data processing, or managed IT services. It is often requested by customers or business partners to ensure the service organization has appropriate controls in place.
ISO 27001: ISO 27001 does not have a specific reporting requirement. However, organizations can choose to create reports or documentation to demonstrate their compliance with the standard to stakeholders.
SOC 2: SOC 2 requires the service organization to obtain a System and Organization Controls (SOC) 2 report, which is issued by an independent auditor. The report details the auditor's findings, the organization's controls, and their effectiveness in meeting the trust principles.
It's worth noting that ISO 27001 and SOC 2 can complement each other, and organizations may choose to pursue both standards to demonstrate their commitment to information security and data privacy.
In conclusion, ISO 27001 and SOC 2 are two distinct standards related to information security and data privacy. ISO 27001 focuses on establishing an information security management system (ISMS) and provides a broad framework for managing information security risks. It can be applied by organizations of any size and in any industry.
Ultimately, the choice between ISO 27001 and SOC 2 depends on the organization's specific requirements, industry, and customer demands. In some cases, organizations may choose to pursue both standards to demonstrate their commitment to information security and data privacy.