Training and Competency are two essential aspects of any workplace. They ensure that employees can do their jobs effectively and efficiently and understand the company's policies and procedures. In addition, it helps employees learn new skills and become more productive members of the team. Once you complete your training, it is time to apply your skills. Competency involves having the knowledge and skills needed to achieve your goals and using them effectively. To become competent in a specific area, you must first understand the concepts. After that, you need to practice and develop your skills until you can complete the task at hand efficiently and effectively.
Types of Competencies
- Cross-functional competencies: These are the skills that were not specifically chosen for core competencies. These skills, however, are still necessary for a variety of professions in a variety of tasks and departments. Computer skills, finance, and other examples are only a few.
- Functional competencies: These competencies are named technical competencies. These are the abilities that professionals are required to use daily or regularly: employee training, software system programming, risk analysis, knowledge analysis, and tax accounting are a few examples that fall into these abilities. It is crucial to understand that these competencies also drive quality results and guaranteed performances for various positions.
- Core competencies: Core competencies are frequently linked to strategic organization skills. For those unfamiliar with the term, these capabilities refer to areas where the company aims to gain a competitive advantage.
Competency Assessment Program
A competency assessment program is a system that assesses the skills and abilities of employees to identify areas in which they need improvement. Many businesses use competency assessment programs to improve employee productivity and efficiency.
The following are some methods of competency assessment:
- The observer employs a custom-designed checklist to avoid subjectivity during a competency assessment; checklists are utilized when specified, observable things, activities, or traits are observed.
- Although observation is the most time-consuming approach to evaluating staff competency, it is recommended to assess areas with more significant impact.
- Keep track of your records (e.g., review worksheets and logs prepared by the employee).
- Review and analyze quality control records and the results of the employee's proficiency exams.
Requirements Of QMS Training And Competency
The standard outlines precise requirements to assist you in putting together a successful training program. Your ISO awareness training material's primary purpose is to ensure that your employees and processes are as efficient as possible. The requirements for competence and awareness training are:
- Hire the right people: You must carefully assess the positions required to complete your procedures and then identify the suitable people to perform those positions efficiently.
- Determine the abilities: Companies must first write out the requirements of each job description before measuring competency. Pose queries such as:
- What job-specific knowledge area(s) does someone in this position need to be well-versed in?
- What manual, mental, and interpersonal skills does an employee need to succeed in this position?
- What essential traits or capabilities does one need to succeed in this field?
You'll be able to construct a list of needs or competencies based on a thorough analysis of each position, which you can utilize in the hiring process and subsequent training and development plans. For example, the most crucial competencies (up to 15) might be written down in an official job description or used as a training matrix.
- Monitor and maintain competence: Assign the most competent person(s) to the position after you've determined the essential talents. Keep in mind that you can recruit or assign people who don't meet all of the position's essential competencies instantly. Still, you must ensure that the successful candidate can learn and master those abilities. Your team can also grade themselves in their competence areas using self-evaluation, identifying their strengths and weaknesses before meeting with their supervisor to discuss training opportunities.
Develop a communication plan:
Be in charge of demonstrating your communication methods like:
- What is communicated (quality goals, service reports, etc.) and when is it conveyed (weekly, monthly, etc.)
- Who is in charge of communicating (supervisors, managers, sales representatives)
- Whom are they communicating (workers, customers, etc.)?
Steps To Implement Competency-Based Training
- Determine the right course of action: Ask yourself if the performance problem can be solved by training or requires other managerial measures. Here are some questions to ask to see if training will help you fix your performance problem:
- Does the performance issue need management intervention, such as:
- Adapting job descriptions or work requirements to meet the demands of the department or organization.
- Adapting performance evaluation criteria to better reflect the position's competencies.
- Changing the tools or equipment that workers are given.
- Examine the scenarios that employees learn from: Examine the Situations in Which Workers Will Apply What They've Learned from Training. Your trainees must have real-world situations in which to apply what they've learned in class. Employees with at least three diverse scenarios to use a single taught ability have the best learning retention results.
- Become familiar with employee's background: As a result, in situations where you don't know much about the trainee's abilities, it's essential to conduct a probing survey to determine the current degree of proficiency for which you're looking to enhance.
Compare the most productive employees to average ones:
The following questions may help you in comparing:
- What distinguishes elite performers from acceptable performers?
- What personal qualities do they possess that the average performer lack?
- Develop measurement rubrics: Consider whether you want to employ behavioral rubrics, skill assessments, or certification in this situation. Another thing to think about is whether measuring work output and quality of work would be beneficial.
- Determine your competency goals: Objectives must be clearly stated in terms of competency. Knowledge and performance objectives, for example, should specify the particular outcomes of competency training and how they will be measured.