ISO 27001 Clause 9.3.1 General

by Maya G

Clause 9.3.1 of ISO 27001 pertains to the control of privileged access rights. This clause focuses on ensuring that access to information and information processing facilities is granted only to authorized individuals and is limited to what is necessary for their role or function within the organization.

Here are some key points related to Clause 9.3.1:

  1. Control Objective: The objective of this clause is to prevent unauthorized access to information and information processing facilities, thereby protecting the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of sensitive information.
  2. Access Control Policy: The organization should establish an access control policy that defines the rules and guidelines for granting and managing privileged access rights. The policy should cover aspects such as user authentication, authorization, and segregation of duties.
  3. Identification of Privileged Access: The organization needs to identify the users who require privileged access to information and information processing facilities. Privileged access refers to the ability to bypass or modify security controls, granting greater rights and privileges than regular users.
  4. Access Control Processes: The organization should implement processes to manage privileged access rights. This includes procedures for granting, reviewing, modifying, and revoking access privileges based on the principle of least privilege. Access should be granted only when necessary and removed promptly when no longer required.
  5. User Access Reviews: Regular reviews of privileged access rights should be conducted to ensure that access privileges are still required and appropriate. These reviews can help identify and address any discrepancies, unauthorized access, or changes in job roles or responsibilities that may impact access requirements.
  6. Monitoring and Logging: The organization should establish mechanisms for monitoring and logging privileged access activities. This includes maintaining logs of privileged access events, reviewing the logs regularly, and investigating any suspicious or unauthorized activities.
  7. Segregation of Duties: The organization should implement controls to prevent conflicts of interest and enforce segregation of duties. This ensures that no single individual has excessive or inappropriate access privileges that could lead to misuse or abuse of information or information processing facilities.
  8. Training and Awareness: Adequate training and awareness programs should be in place to educate employees about the importance of privileged access control and their responsibilities in safeguarding sensitive information. This helps ensure that employees understand the risks associated with privileged access and adhere to the established access control policies and procedures.

By complying with Clause 9.3.1, organizations can effectively manage privileged access rights and reduce the risk of unauthorized access, data breaches, and insider threats.


ISO 27001 Documentation toolkit, ISO 27001