Energy Management System

by Maya G

The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 50001 is the international standard that provides a standardized approach to energy management. Energy management (ISO 50001) is a regulatory framework that aims to ensure that organizations continuously improve their energy performance and reduce the negative impact of their operations on the environment. The ISO 50001 sets out a framework and templates for organizations to manage their energy use more efficiently, reduce environmental impact, and improve quality of life.

Energy Management System

Energy Management Systems

The energy management system is a methodology that helps you to manage your energy consumption. It will help you save on electric bills and help the environment by reducing carbon emissions in the atmosphere. An excellent way to start with an energy management system is by turning off all unnecessary lights or electric devices when not in use.
  1. Centralized control system: The centralized control system uses a central computer or server to regulate the performance of individual components within an electrical grid. Centralized systems have one control center that manages energy distribution to all parts of the building. These systems typically work well for large buildings with a lot of interior space, like office complexes or university campuses.
  2. Decentralized control system: The decentralized control system splits up operational responsibility among multiple computers or servers throughout the network. A decentralized control system can also refer to a software architecture in which the various components are distributed across various nodes. This means that there is no single point of failure for data storage and processing, as all operations are replicated on each node independently.
  3. Hybrid control system: The Hybrid Control System is a new, innovative technology that combines the best of both worlds in control systems. The system uses advanced artificial intelligence to optimize its performance and reduce energy consumption. It combines traditional methods with cutting-edge software to generate the most effective results possible.

Energy accounting :

Energy accounting is a process of tracking energy use and costs. It can help an organization identify how it uses energy, where its most significant electricity expenses are, and what the potential savings might be if they were to act on reducing their use.

Energy audit:
A energy audit is a process in which the auditor examines all aspects of an individual’s property to identify potential areas for improvement. This includes looking at how much energy is used, where it is being wasted, and what changes to reduce that waste. The end goal of an energy audit is always to provide the customer with information on how they can save money by lowering their utility bills while also improving sustainability.

An energy audit can be of the following types:

1.Preliminary audit:
The initial audit is carried out within a short period and highlights the energy cost and wastage in the organization’s processes. The auditors suggest short- and long-term solutions that should be adopted step by step.

2.Detained energy audit:
These kinds of audits figure out the total energy utilized in the plants. It involves detailed analysis to reduce energy costs and consumption. The duration of the study is conducted from 1- 10 weeks.

Energy Management Tools :

Energy management software is a way to keep track of the energy consumption in your organization. It can also help you save money by providing information about where you use the most energy and how much it costs to operate specific equipment. Here are some energy management tools which you can use for energy management.

Energy Management Tools

A building management system (BMS) is a computer-based system that provides control and information for heating, ventilation, air conditioning, and other equipment. It also monitors and controls energy consumption in commercial buildings.

2.Energy Meters:
Energy meters are devices that measure the amount of energy used. They work by measuring the flow of electrical current. Energy meters can be analog or digital, and they can also be manual or automatic. Digital electric energy meters are often installed in homes to monitor electricity consumption. Analog electric energy meters are usually found in businesses where large amounts of power are used, such as manufacturing plants or farms with many machines running simultaneously.

3.Energy Accounting Software:
Energy accounting software provides energy usage analysis and allocates costs for areas that require energy use. It creates usage reports, money spent for energy consumption, and creates dashboards to get an overview of energy information.

Steps for Energy Management :

Steps for Energy Management

  • Appoint an Energy Manager:

Ensure the management understands the benefits of your energy management policies and supports in implementing them successfully. An energy manager leads the team to fulfill the organization’s commitment to securing environmental goals. Depending upon the size of your organization, you can appoint for full-time or part-time purposes.

  • Manage Energy Costs:

There are many ways of managing energy. It varies from installing new equipment, investing in new methodologies to switching to new businesses.

  • Understand the Issues:

To manage the judicious use of energy, you need to consider the following factors:

  1. How your business utilizes the energy.
  2. Your energy usage is compared to the industry standards.
  3. Perception of your business towards energy-saving measures.
  • Return on Investment:

The concept of energy return on investment (EROI) is a measure that tells us how much net energy we get from energy extraction. EROI is one way to balance the number of natural resources consumed and what we get in return for it. It serves as a base for many environments and energy-related decisions.

  • Planning:

Conduct energy surveys to check where you are saving energy. Use the findings during brainstorming while creating an energy policy. Set short-, medium- and long-term energy-saving targets.

  • Action:

Create an action plan to achieve your targets and take aggressive steps to achieve your goals. Assign tasks to each individual and create awareness programs to encourage everyone to take small steps.

  • Monitor and Review:

Track your progress at specific intervals towards your energy management goals. Identify any issues in implementing particular measures and get them reviewed at the earliest.