An Introduction is a guide to security management in the supply chain. It guides on identifying and mitigating risks that may impact the continuity of your supply chain. This standard will help you manage risk better and make informed decisions about what steps need to be taken to avoid disruptions or interruptions in your operations.
This standard provides guidance and practical advice on how to manage security within the supply chain and how to implement a management system that will allow you to stay compliant with industry regulations. The ISO 28000 has been developed in conjunction with other standards such as The Food Safety Management System, which combines food safety management systems from HACCP and TAPAFF, and The Waste Minimization Management Systems, which outlines strategies for reducing waste throughout the supply chain.
What is a Supply Chain?
A supply chain is a sequence of links that starts with the initial supplier and ends with the customer. It can be described as a system of processes, organizations, information, and resources involved in moving goods from their production sources to customers or other consumers.
A supply chain is a sequence of related companies that bring goods and services from raw materials to the consumer’s hands. It involves manufacturers, wholesalers, distributors, retailers, and others who play an essential part in supplying products for consumption.
The supply chain has three components:
- Intermediaries or value-added resellers
- End customers.
The scope of ISO 28000 is to protect the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of information. This standard was developed by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) as a response to an increased need for protection.
The critical goal of ISO 28000 is to provide guidelines that will help companies develop security standards and procedures that are appropriate for their needs. It has been designed with flexibility in mind to be tailored to meet specific requirements and circumstances.
These include risk assessment, security policy development, threat identification and mitigation, physical and information security controls, awareness and training programs, and incident response plans. ISO 28000 also includes specific requirements for third-party service providers, who must meet certain criteria to be approved as suppliers.
Key clauses of ISO 28000:2007
4.2 Security Management Policy.
4.3 Security Risk Assessment and Planning
4.4 Implementation and operation.
4.5 Checking and Corrective actions.
4.6 Management Review and Continual Improvement.
1.Clause 4.2 Security Management Policy:
There are many reasons that security is essential for businesses and organizations. The ISO 28000 Clause 4.2 Security Management Policy defines how to develop, implement, maintain, and monitor a company’s security management system.
This clause includes the following ways to make sure your business or organization has a well-functioning system:
- Define the scope of your security management policy.
- Identify risk factors to manage them proactively.
- Implement policies to protect assets from harm.
- Implement countermeasures that deal with risks before they become threats
- Monitor all activities related to managing risks through audits and drills.
2.Clause 4.3 Security Risk Assessment and Planning:
ISO 28000 Clause 4.3 is all about the Security Risk Assessment and Planning, which should secure an information system against threats that could compromise its availability, integrity, or confidentiality. This clause covers three main areas:
- The assessment of the security risks.
- The planning of mitigation measures.
- The implementation of those measures.
The assessment of the security risks can be done utilizing a risk analysis.
3.Clause 4.4 Implementation and operation.
A clause in the ISO 28000 is Clause 4.4 Implementation and Operation, which outlines the supplier’s responsibilities for managing risks related to information security. This clause covers areas such as:
- Responsibilities of both parties
- Information Security Policies, Procedures, and Guidelines
- Controls relating to confidentiality, integrity, and availability of information
- Organizational structures and management arrangements
- Personnel security
- Asset management
- Physical security
The supplier is responsible for implementing the controls outlined in this clause and monitoring and reviewing their effectiveness. If any problems or deficiencies are identified, the supplier must take corrective action to address these issues.
4.Clause 4.5 Checking and Corrective actions
Clause 4.5 of the ISO 28000 standard is about responding to incidents and corrective actions that may happen in a risk management process. The clause focuses on four different aspects of the incident response: “checking,” “correcting,” “resolving,” and “securing.” It further discusses what these terms mean, as well as some best practices for implementing them into your organization’s risk management program.
Incidents can happen at any time, and it is essential to have a plan in place for responding. The ISO 28000 standard guides how to do this effectively and efficiently. By following the steps outlined in Clause 4.0, you can minimize the impact of an incident on your business and ensure that corrective actions are taken.
5.Clause 4.6 Management Review and Continual Improvement.
ISO 28000 is an international standard that guides how to manage risks. Clause 4.6 of the ISO requires management review and continual improvement of the organization’s risk assessment, risk control, and risk communication processes. The clause also recommends periodic reassessment of all methods to identify opportunities for improvement.
Benefits of ISO 28000
The ISO 28000 Supply Chain Security Management System is a worldwide framework that provides businesses with the necessary information and tools to manage their supply chains effectively. This resource outlines the benefits of this process for both companies and consumers.
- Improved efficiency in identifying risks/threats early on in the supply chain process
- Higher quality products reach consumers as companies are more aware of what they import or export from other countries
- Better customer service a company has more control over how they handle orders and what products they can provide
- Reduced losses and waste due to improved supply chain security management processes.