Obtaining ISO 27001:2005 certification is not possible, as ISO 27001:2005 is an outdated version of the ISO 27001 standard. ISO standards are periodically updated to reflect changing technologies, threats, and best practices.
To obtain ISO 27001 certification under the latest version, ISO 27001:2013, here are the general steps you should follow:
- Initial Assessment: Begin by assessing your organization's readiness for ISO 27001 certification. This involves understanding the standard's requirements and determining whether your organization already has some of the necessary practices in place.
- Gap Analysis: Conduct a gap analysis to identify areas where your organization's current information security practices do not align with ISO 27001:2013 requirements. This will help you understand what needs to be addressed before certification.
- Establish the ISMS: Create an Information Security Management System (ISMS) that conforms to ISO 27001:2013 requirements. This system serves as the framework for managing information security within your organization.
- Risk Assessment: Perform a comprehensive risk assessment to identify potential threats, vulnerabilities, and security risks to your information assets. This step is crucial as ISO 27001 emphasizes a risk-based approach to security.
- Risk Treatment: After identifying risks, develop and implement risk treatment plans. These plans should specify the security controls and measures you will put in place to mitigate identified risks.
- Document the ISMS: Document all relevant information regarding your ISMS, including security policies, procedures, and controls. Proper documentation is a critical element of ISO 27001 compliance.
- Training and Awareness: Ensure that your employees are trained and aware of their roles and responsibilities within the ISMS. Training helps in implementing security measures effectively.
- Internal Audit: Conduct an internal audit to assess your ISMS's compliance with ISO 27001:2013 requirements. This internal audit helps identify any areas that may need improvement before seeking certification.
- Select a Certification Body: Choose an accredited certification body to conduct the certification audit. Ensure that the certification body is recognized and accredited to perform ISO 27001 certifications.
- Certification Audit: The certification audit is typically conducted in two stages. Stage 1 involves a review of your documentation and readiness. In Stage 2, the auditors assess the implementation and effectiveness of your ISMS.
- Corrective Actions: If any non-conformities are identified during the certification audit, take corrective actions to address these issues. The certification body will typically review and approve these corrective actions.
- Certification Issuance: Once the certification body is satisfied with your organization's compliance with ISO 27001:2013, it will issue the ISO 27001 certificate.
- Surveillance Audits: To maintain your ISO 27001 certification, you will be subject to periodic surveillance audits by the certification body. These audits ensure that your ISMS continues to meet the required standards.
It's important to note that the process of achieving ISO 27001 certification can be complex and time-consuming. Many organizations choose to work with experienced consultants or experts in information security and ISO 27001 to streamline the process.