Organizations that have either physical or logical access controls in place, with some offering both, regulate access to any type of information.
Physical controls are in place to keep people out of office spaces, buildings, and structures. Electronic access to a network, a computer, digital files, and stored data is restricted by logical restrictions. be impacted.
An access control policy for the assets in scope must be defined, recorded, and evaluated on a regular basis, taking into consideration the business's needs.
The information security risks around the information, as well as the organization's appetite for managing them, should be reflected in the access control rules, rights, and limits, as well as the level of the controls, applied. Simply said, access control refers to who needs to know, who needs to utilize, and how much access they have.
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The purpose of access control is to reduce the danger of unauthorized access to physical and logical systems posing a security risk.
Access control is a critical component of security compliance programs because it guarantees that security technology and access control rules are in place to secure sensitive data, such as customer information. Access to networks, computer systems, apps, files, and sensitive data, such as personally identifiable information (PII) and intellectual property, is usually limited by infrastructure and processes in most businesses.
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